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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 7(7); 2006 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2006;7(7): 785-793.
Dynamic Simulation Model of a Hybrid Powertrain and Controller using CO-Simulation Part II : Control Strategy
Cranfield University
The topic of this study is the control strategy of a mild hybrid electric vehicle (HEV) equipped with a continuously variable transmission (CVT). A brief powertrain and vehicle configuration is introduced followed by the control strategy of the HEV with emphasis on two key parts. One of them is an ideal operating surface (IOS) that operates the CVT powertrain optimally from the viewpoint of the tank-to-wheel efficiency. The other is a charge sustaining energy management to maintain the battery state of charge (SOC) within an appropriate level. The fuel economy simulation results of the HEV over standard driving cycles were compared with those of the baseline vehicle. Depending on the driving cycle, 1.3.20% fuel saving potential is predicted by the mild hybridisation using an integrated starter alternator (ISA). The detailed energy flow analysis shows that the majority of the improvement comes from the idle stop function and the benefits for electrical accessories. Additionally, the differences between the initial and the final SOC are in the range .1.0 ~ +3.8% in the examined cycle.
Key Words: Fuel economy, Hybrid electric vehicle, Continuously variable transmission, Ideal operating surface, Charge sustaining energy management, Integrated starter alternator
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