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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 9(5); 2008 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2008;9(5): 601-606.
EFFECT ON FRICTION OF ENGINE OIL SEAL WITH ENGINE OIL VISCOSITY
H. G. KIM, S. I. JEON
Renault Samsung Motors Co., Ltd.
ABSTRACT
Low viscosity engine oil can improve a vehicle’s fuel economy by decreasing the friction between the engine components. Frictional torque varies with the velocity change due to different viscosity characteristics of SAE grade 5W-20, 5W-30 and 5W-40 engine oils. The viscosity for each of these grades was measured to outline the effect low viscosity engine oils have on engine friction, which may lead to improved fuel economy. Engine oil seal frictional torque increases with the shaft rotational speed for all three engine oil grades. A decrease in engine oil seal frictional torque was confirmed when low viscosity engine oil was used. Also, the leak-free performance of the engine oil with the seal satisfied the life limit durability test criteria. Thus, low viscosity engine oil may be used to improve fuel economy by decreasing the frictional loss of the engine oil seal while having no negative impact on performance due to leak-free functioning.
Key Words: Low viscosity engine oil, Fuel economy, Engine oil seal, Friction torque, Life-limit durability
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