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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 25(1); 2024 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2024;25(1): 97-106.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-024-00016-8
Neural Network-Based Prediction of NH3 Leakage from SCR Systems for Diesel Engines
Qiang Zhu , Jiehui Li
School of Automotive and Traffi c Engineering , Jiangsu University
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Jiehui Li  , Email. 1000000521@ujs.edu.cn
In selective catalytic reduction (SCR) systems, the urea injection control strategy is central to the control of NO x emissions. When urea is over-injected, ammonia leakage will occur downstream of the SCR. A neural network-based NH 3 leakage prediction model for diesel engine SCR systems is proposed in order that the dosing control unit (DCU) can reduce the corresponding urea injection volume according to the NH 3 leakage when calculating the urea injection volume. Back propagation (BP) neural network model and gated recurrent unit (GRU) model are developed respectively by code compilation software to predict the NH 3 leakage. The genetic algorithm (GA) is used to fi nd the optimal parameters of the two diff erent models. Bench tests are conducted to evaluate the model accuracy. Under historical test data, the root mean square errors of the fi nal GA-BP and GA-GRU models are 3.142 ppm and 2.378 ppm, respectively. The percentage of cumulative NH 3 leakage prediction error of GA-BP and GA-GRU are 4.808% and 3.745%, respectively. The results show that the method of using neural network for NH 3 leakage prediction is feasible, and GA-GRU model is better than GA-BP model in predicting NH 3 leakage. This provides the basis for developing DCU to reduce NH 3 leakage.
Key Words: Neural network · Urea injection · NH 3 leakage · SCR · Diesel engine
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