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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 24(4); 2023 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2023;24(4): 1141-1149.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-023-0093-7
CHATTERING REDUCTION OF SLIDING MODE CONTROL VIA NONLINEAR DISTURBANCE OBSERVER FOR ANTI-LOCK BRAKING SYSTEM AND VERIFICATION WITH CARSIM SIMULATION
Minseong Choi 1, Kyunghwan Choi 2, Minsu Cho 3, Minyoung Lee 4, Kyung-Soo Kim 3
1Division of Future Vehicle, KAIST
2School of Mechanical Engineering, GIST
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, KAIST
4Department of Smart Industrial Machine Technologies, KIMM
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Kyung-Soo Kim  , Email. kyungsookim@kaist.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
The anti-lock braking system (ABS) is a vehicle safety technology that prevents wheels from locking during braking by tracking the optimal reference slip. Due to the structural characteristics of hydraulic circuits, a brake system has a discontinuous pressure control input which is composed of apply and dump modes. Sliding mode control is a robust control technique that uses discontinuous control input and is being studied expensively. However, sliding mode control has a crucial chattering problem caused by high compensation gain, which leads to high wearing of the mechanical parts. This problem can be alleviated by compensating for unknown disturbances with estimated values. A nonlinear disturbance observer can estimate the system’s uncertainty without mathematical model information. Therefore, sliding mode control based on a nonlinear disturbance observer is proposed here, and the simulation results with ABS are compared with the original sliding mode control. Simulations are conducted with high- and low-  road surface scenarios, and three key performance indicators for evaluations are compared. In conclusion, the brake performance was enhanced and the chattering issue of the sliding mode controller was reduced by proposed method.
Key Words: Anti-lock braking system (ABS), Sliding mode control, Nonlinear disturbance observer, Vehicle safety control, Hydraulic circuits
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