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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 7(3); 2006 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2006;7(3): 277-282.
RESEARCH ON ULTRA LOW EMISSION TECHNOLOGY FOR LARGE DISPLACEMENT MOTORCYCLES
T. KONO, H. MIYATA, M. URAKI, R. YAMAZAKI
Honda
ABSTRACT
With the aim of achieving half the regulated value of EURO-3 Emission Regulations, an ultra low emission motorcycle has been developed based on a motorcycle with an 1800 cm3, horizontal opposed 6-cylinder engine. For the fuel supply system, an electronically controlled fuel injection system was applied. For the emission purification system, three-way catalysts, a feedback control system with a LAF (Linear Air-Fuel ratio) sensor, and a secondary air induction system were applied. To reduce CO and HC emissions during cold starting, an early catalyst activation method combining RACV (Rotary Air Control Valve) and retarded ignition timing was applied. After the catalyst activation, air-fuel ratio was controlled to maximize the purification ratio of the catalyst according to vehicle speed. For the air-fuel ratio control system, the LAF sensor was used. Furthermore, fine adjustment by the LAF feedback control reduced torque fluctuation due to the air-fuel ratio change. As a result, smooth ride feeling was maintained. Owing to these technologies, half the regulated value of EURO-3 has been achieved without any negative impact to the large-scaled motorcycles' drivability. This paper presents the developed ultra low emission technologies including the control method using an LAF sensor.
Key Words: Ultra low emission, Motorcycles, Linear air-fuel ratio feedback
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