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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 25(1); 2024 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2024;25(1): 131-145.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-024-00021-x
A Multi-objective Optimization Control Strategy of a Range-Extended Electric Vehicle for the Trip Range and Road Gradient Adaption
Xinyou Lin , Zhiyong Chen , Jiajin Zhang , Chaoyu Wu
School of Mechanical Engineering and Automation , Fuzhou University
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Zhiyong Chen  , Email. zychen@fzu.edu.cn
ABSTRACT
The road gradient and trip range are of great signifi cance in fuel consumption and emissions of a range-extended electric vehicle (REEV). However, the traditional energy management strategy failed to consider the road gradient. To address this issue, a multi-objective optimization adaptive control strategy is proposed to improve the fuel consumption and emissions of the REEVs. Firstly, a multi-objective optimization adaptive control strategy is developed based the equivalent consumption minimization strategy integrated with adaptive equivalent factor (EF). The EF is updating according to the road slope by using a proportional-integral controller. To investigate the impacts of the road gradient on emissions, the numerical models between road gradient and emissions are established. Furthermore, an optimal torque distribution strategy is proposed according to the weights of fuel and emissions, which realizes the tracking of the SOC trajectory and improves the fuel economy and emission performance of the vehicle. Finally, various strategies are carried out to verify the superiority of the proposed strategy by numerical validations. Compared with the control strategy considered fuel consumption only, the validation results show that the engine CO, HC, and NOx are reduced by 9.47, 2.33, and 4.10%, respectively, while compromising fuel economy by 3.3%.
Key Words: Range-extended electric vehicle · Energy management · Equivalent consumption minimization strategy · Multiobjective optimization · Fuel economy · Emissions
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