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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 24(1); 2023 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2023;24(1): 241-246.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-023-0021-x
Ferhat Özcan 1, Aydin Gullu 2, Sezgin Ersoy 3
1Yorglass Cam San. Ve Tic. A.Ş., Home Appliances
2Vocational School Electronics and Automations Department, Trakya University
3Advanced Research in Mechatronics and Artificial Intelligence, Marmara University
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Sezgin Ersoy  , Email. sersoy@marmara.edu.tr
The finite element method is the most common method used to solve engineering and mathematical model problems. Related solution areas include structural analysis, heat transfer, mass transport and electromagnetic potential. FEM is a specific numerical method used to solve partial differential equations in two or three space variables. To solve a problem, FEM breaks up a large system into smaller, simpler parts called finite elements. First, a three-dimensional model of the system to be analyzed is produced. While defining the model, the materials and connection types found in the model are also deter-mined. Afterwards, the model is divided into small parts and analyzed under specified conditions. A crash test will be conducted in this study. For this, the conditions of the vehicle parts will be examined by hitting a wall under the conditions of which the model design of the vehicle is determined. Crash tests were carried out for two different bumper thicknesses on the same vehicle and the test results were examined. The vehicle speed is modeled as 20 m/s in the simulation carried out from the moment of impact until 0.14 seconds later. The effect of buffer thickness on axial displacements at impact and energy changes are presented.
Key Words: Collision simulation, Finite element analysis (FEA), Vehicle bumper analysis, Vehicle collision model
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