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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 23(6); 2022 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2022;23(6): 1497-1508.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-022-0130-y
APPLICATION OF PSEUDO-THREE-DIMENSIONAL HEAT EXCHANGER MODEL IN THE ONE-DIMENSIONAL SIMULATION OF THE VEHICLE COOLING SYSTEM UNDER THE FTP-72 DRIVING SCHEDULE
Jagun Koo 1, Huiju Yang 2, Yongkil Cha 2, Sangseok Yu 3
1CAE Team, Doowon Climate Control
2CAE Team, Hanon Systems
3Department of Mechanical Engineering, Chungnam National University
PDF Links Corresponding Author.  Sangseok Yu  , Email. sangseok@cnu.ac.kr
ABSTRACT
In designing the heat exchanger model, the existing epsilon-number of transfer units (NTU) method cannot reflect factors inside the heat exchanger, such as the local flow rate changes. Furthermore, it is difficult to apply a three-dimensional model to a one-dimensional analysis since high computational power is required. In contrast, a pseudo-three-dimensional heat exchanger model which has higher accuracy than the existing epsilon-NTU method and has faster speed for application in one-dimensional analysis. However, pseudo-three-dimensional model has still improvements in the simulation time as the mesh counts increase. In this study, the improved pseudo-three-dimensional heat exchanger model was developed and integrated within a one-dimensional analysis loop capable of simulating vehicle driving and the cooling system. The integrated model calculated the change in the energy consumption of the entire cooling system with the change in the aspect ratio of the heat exchanger. Also, the optimal operation strategy of the cooling system, which incorporated a proportional integral derivative controller of the three-way valve, was determined to reduce the parasitic losses. As a result, parasitic loss of the cooling system decreased by 14.1 % as aspect ratio increased by 46 % under FTP-72 (UDDS) driving schedule and simulation time was reduced 90.1 % while accuracy degrades only 2.7 %.
Key Words: Dymola, Modelica, Pseudo-three-dimensional heat exchanger model, Single-zone combustion analysis, Staggered grid analysis, Three-way valve
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