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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 5(1); 2004 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2004;5(1): 55-59.
ANALYSIS OF EFFECTIVE NUGGET SIZE BY INFRARED THERMOGRAPHY IN SPOT WELDMENT
S. M. YANG1, J. H. SONG1, H. G. NOH1, S. M. AKIRA2, H. S. YU1, H. Y. KANG1
1Chonbuk National University
2Saitama Institute of Technology
ABSTRACT
Spot welding is a very important and useful technology in fabrication of thin sheet structures such as the parts in an automobile. However, because the fatigue strength of the spot welding point is considerably lower than that of the base metal due to stress concentration at the nugget edge, the nugget size must be estimated to evaluate a reasonable fatigue strength at a spot welded lap joint. So far, many investigators have experimentally studied the estimation of fatigue strengths of various spot weldments by using a destructive method. However, these destructive methods poses problems so testing of weldments by these methods are difficult. Furthermore, these methods cannot be applied to a real product, and are time and cost consuming, as well. Therefore, there has been a strong, continual demand for the development of a nondestructive method for estimating nugget size. In this study, the effective nugget size in spot weldments have been analyzed by using thermoelastic stress analysis adopting infrared thermography. Using the results of the temperature distribution obtained by analysis of the infared stress due to adiabatic heat expansion under sinusoidal wave stresses, the effective nugget size in spot welded specimens were estimated. To examine the evaluated effective nugget size in spot weldments, it was compared with the results of microstructure observation from a 5% Nital etching test.
Key Words: Effective nugget size, Thermoplastic analysis, Infrared thermography, Infrared stress analysis, Spot weldment
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