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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 19(3); 2018 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2018;19(3): 433-442.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-018-0042-z
ITERATIVE LEARNING CONTROL ALGORITHM FOR FEEDFORWARD CONTROLLER OF EGR AND VGT SYSTEMS IN A CRDI DIESEL ENGINE
Kyunghan Min1, Myoungho Sunwoo1, Manbae Han3
1Hanyang University
3Keimyung University
ABSTRACT
The modern diesel engines equip the exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) system to suppress the NOx emissions. In addition, the variable geometric turbocharger (VGT) system is installed to improve the drivability and fuel efficiency. These EGR and VGT systems have cross-coupled behavior because they interact with the intake and the exhaust manifolds. Furthermore, the turbocharger time delay, gas flow dynamics through EGR pipe cause the nonlinearity characteristics. These nonlinear multi-input-multi-output characteristics cause the degradation of control accuracy, especially during the transient condition. In order to improve the control accuracy, this study proposes an iterative learning control (ILC) algorithm for feedforward controller of EGR and VGT systems. The feedforward controller obtains the values about EGR and VGT actuators using the previous control results in predefined transient states. The ILC algorithm consists of a PD-type learning function and a low-pass filter. The control gains of learning function are determined to guarantee the convergence of learning results. In addition, the low-pass filter is designed for robustness against plant disturbance. The proposed control algorithm was validated by engine experiment which repeated predefined transient states. The error was reduced by 15 % according to the gain. As a result, the proposed algorithm is affordable for improving the transient control performance.
Key Words: Diesel engine control, Learning control, EGR, VGT, Iterative learning control, Transient control
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