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International Journal of Automotive Technology > Volume 17(6); 2016 > Article
International Journal of Automotive Technology 2016;17(6): 1003-1011.
doi: https://doi.org/10.1007/s12239-016-0098-6
W. J. ZUO, J. T. BAI
Jilin University
At conceptual design stage, automotive body is usually simplified as a frame structure, which consists of thinwalled beams (TWBs). Therefore, the most important issue is to determine the cross-sectional shape of TWBs under the requirement of mechanical properties. However, design engineers mostly depend on their experience or repeated modification to design the cross-sectional shape of TWBs. So this paper presents a rapidly cross-sectional shape design and optimization method to satisfy the demand of mechanical properties and meanwhile minimize the weight of TWB. Firstly, cross-sectional mechanics property formulations are summarized. Especially, the torsional rigidity formulation of three-cell cross section is derived for the first time in this paper. Secondly, the shape optimization model is created to minimize the weight of TWB and improve the mechanical properties, which is solved by genetic algorithm. Moreover, three stamping constraints, draft angle, chamfer radius and assembly, are introduced to promote the cross-sectional shape more practice. Lastly, numerical examples verify the effectiveness of the optimization model and show the application in structural modification of automotive frame.
Key Words: Automotive body, Thin-walled beam, Cross-sectional shape optimization, Stamping constraints
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